Tedi Permadi is an assistant professor of philology at the Indonesian University of Education in Bandung, West Java. Since 1996, he has been dedicated to reconstructing the tradition of daluang papermaking. In 2014, daluang was officially registered as an intangible cultural heritage with the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture, in large part because of Tedi Permadi’s advocacy.
This daluang paper is made with 100-percent paper-mulberry fiber and was hand beaten in March 2019 by Tedi Permadi in West Java, Indonesia.
The process begins by cutting down the trees and removing the outer bark to extract the inner white bark. Permadi soaks this material for 24 hours in a soda-ash solution (1 kilogram soda ash to 40 liters hot water) and then rinses it. The soda ash is used to neutralize the pH level of the bark to between 7.5–8.5. Next, Permadi soaks the bark in clean water for five days, changing out the water daily. He beats the bark to two times its original width, and beats another piece to the same size. Then he stacks the two pieces on top of each other and beats them together to a thickness of approximately 0.25 millimeters. Finally, Permadi attaches the sheet to a linen-covered wood board and leaves it out to dry in the sun.
Daluang is commonly used for Hindu religious ceremonies in Indonesia,
especially in Bali.